A. Science Fundamentals Objectives
1. The learner will conclude there are more than 100 known elements that combine in a multitude of ways to produce compounds, which account for all living and non-living substances, and that atoms combine to form molecules and molecules formed from different atoms combine to form compounds.
2. The learner will understand that all energy can be classified as potential energy (such as chemical, mechanical, nuclear, and gravitational energy) or kinetic energy (such as radiant, thermal, motion, sound, and electrical energy) and that energy transfers in many ways, such as heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound, and the nature of a chemical.
3. The learner will conclude a change in the state of matter of a substance is the result of a change in kinetic energy.
4. The learner will differentiate between a physical change in which matter changes state or form and a chemical change in which one or more new substances are formed.
Activities: Creating and Building Molecular Models, Energy Explorations, States of Matter Experiments, Physical and Chemical Changes Experiments
B. Characteristic Properties Objectives
1. The learner will identify a fluid as a liquid or gas and will understand that any material that flows is a fluid, which has no fixed shape, and changes its shape continuously when acted on by an external stress.
2. The learner will recognize a substance has characteristics properties, such as density, viscosity, boiling point, surface tension, compressibility, and solubility, all of which are independent of the amount of the sample.
Activities: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics with Bernoulli’s Experiments, What’s the Solution? (Density)
C. Motion & Force Objectives
1. The learner will demonstrate that an object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest will stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. (Newton’s First Law)
2. The learner will determine that acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass, the greater the amount of force necessary to accelerate the mass. (Newton’s Second Law)
3. The learner will conclude every action is followed by a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. (Newton’s Third Law)
Activities: Introduction to Motion & Force with Newton’s Activities and Straw Rockets
D. Science Explorations Objectives
1. The learner will utilize scientific principles to examine the world around us while investigating the relationship of science to society, technology, mathematics, and other disciplines
Activities: Introduction to Navigation and Mapping with Top Secret Mission